What to see near the port of Ancona
Most of the monuments and most important places in Ancona are located on the port or not far from it. One of the first things you will notice walking along the port area of the city is the Mole Vanvitelliana (or Lazzaretto). It is a port work designed and built by the well-known Neapolitan architect in 1733; the building was erected on an artificial island with a pentagonal shape.
A short distance from the Lazzaretto is Porta Pia: in late Baroque style, it is the monumental entrance to the city. Also on the port, and to be exact on the north pier, stands the Arch of Trajan in all its magnificence. Built by the Roman emperor in 115 AD, it is still today one of the symbols of the city as well as the gateway to the East.
Continuing the tour, you will come across a whole series of religious buildings, among which the church of Santa Maria della Piazza and the church of San Francesco alle Scale stand out. But it is by going to the promontory that watches over the city that you can admire the most important church in the city: the Cathedral of San Ciriaco , patron saint of Ancona. The capital of the Marche is also home to two synagogues located in the same building, which is located in the heart of the ancient ghetto.
The city also counts a conspicuous number of civil architectures. Among these it is possible to include the Loggia dei Mercanti, the Government Palace (seat of the Prefecture), the Palazzo degli Anziani, the Senate palace. On Piazza del Plebiscito (better known as Piazza del Papa) overlooks not only the aforementioned Prefecture, but also Palazzo Ferretti, seat of the National Archaeological Museum of the Marche.
You cannot say that you have been to Ancona if you have not taken a sip of water from the so-called Fontana del Càlamo. Located in Piazza Roma, it is also known as the Fountain of the Thirteen Cannelle: if you want to be sure to return to Ancona, don't forget to take this step.