Founded by the Greeks between the third and second centuries BC with the name of Aspálathos (or Spálathos), the city experienced a period of great splendor under the reign of the emperor Diocletian, who decided to build his monumental residence near the port. During its millenary history, Split and the surrounding area underwent numerous dominations: from the Byzantine Empire to the Kingdom of Hungary, from the Most Serene Republic of Venice to the Austrian Empire, from the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy to the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
At the end of the Second World War, Croatia became part of the Federal Socialist Republic of Yugoslavia. During the socialist period, the capital of the Split-Dalmatian region grew mainly from an industrial point of view. The city, in fact, became the seat of important companies, which operated in the most disparate sectors (chemical , paper , shipbuilding, etc.).
Despite the wars that ravaged the country during the 90s, today the economy of Split enjoys excellent health and is essentially based on the sectors already mentioned above, in addition to the food and tourism sectors (Diocletian's palace , among the most visited monuments in the city, it is a UNESCO protected property).
Split is also a cultural center of considerable importance: the city hosts the Pop Music Festival and the Theater Festival every year.